The Future Of Reasoning

28.04.2021
3 923 920 Näkymät

This video was created in partnership with Bill Gates and was inspired by his new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.” Find out more here: gatesnot.es/3t1u93B
LINKS TO LEARN MORE:
my twitter: twitter.com/tweetsauce
my instagram: instagram.com/electricpants
The extended mind thesis: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_mind_thesis
MinuteEarth video on how greenhouse gasses work: fiboth.info/like/videot/qoaso3vNz9XXh50
Molecule animations from molcalc.org
"The Enigma of Reason" by Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber: www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674237827
"Do You Know Yourself?" Mind Field S1E8 fiboth.info/like/videot/mWSkmWqs2rSth6E
Hyperobects:
www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/hyperobjects
fiboth.info/like/videot/eqN5qmvcusOOea0
Jonathan Haidt's famous "emotional dog" paper about moral reasoning:
www.rudygarns.com/class/neuroethics/lib/exe/fetch.php/a/haidt.2001.emotional_dog_rational_tail.pdf
Cognitive Niche: www.pnas.org/content/107/Supplement_2/8993#:~:text=In%20biology%2C%20a%20%E2%80%9Cniche%E2%80%9D,cause%2Dand%2Deffect%20reasoning%20and
Lottocracy:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sortition
www.coursera.org/lecture/revolutionary-ideas-borders-elections-constitutions-prisons/lecture-7-4-0-the-lottocracy-VL69f
Visual system diagram by RATZNIUM en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_system#/media/File:ERP_-_optic_cabling.jpg
SONGS USED
in order of appearance
all from audionetwork unless otherwise noted
Chillout Lounge
The Crescent
Political Manoeuvres
Pagan Forest Choir
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Glowing Moon 3
Lazy Daze
Innate Knowledge
Houston Keys
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Chillout Lounge
They're Coming
I Can See the Sea
Mysterious Island
Urban Lands
For Leah (Jake Chudnow)
I'll Send You A Post Card _ What My Nervous Stomach Sounds Like (Jake Chudnow)
Going Down (Jake Chudnow)
Lonely Night 2
Turquoise (Jake Chudnow)

Kommentteja
  • Why if Marry isn’t a person?

    vultrosevultrose8 minuuttia sitten
  • The brain is a head intestine.

    Grigory OrionGrigory Orion36 minuuttia sitten
  • Even if we're satisfied with giving bad reasons socially, there is a physical reality underneath which can be reasoned about

    Keerthana GurushankarKeerthana GurushankarTunti sitten
  • Vsauce still makes videos?

    Noah OozNoah Ooz2 tuntia sitten
  • vsauce for pres

    Selah CottonSelah Cotton2 tuntia sitten
  • Whoever is watching this video few years in the future remember to add this video to their reasoning

    ross hassjackross hassjack2 tuntia sitten
  • If I'm alive HOLA FUTURE ME ARE U BETTER AT ENGLISH ARE U RICH NOW ARE U IN LONDON WHAT'S UR JOB

    عبدالرب /aboodعبدالرب /abood2 tuntia sitten
  • Hello people who got this in their recommended in the year 2025, i’m graduating this year

    Bryan RodriguezBryan Rodriguez2 tuntia sitten
  • fiboth.info/key/zWXcITluYUwdQ3-8h1mBoQ.html

    ARTELLO21ARTELLO212 tuntia sitten
  • This felt like a Kurzgesagt in a Nutshell video. Got a temporary existential crysis, but in the end I came to an eye-opening realization and I am thankful that this video exists.

    ElsYTElsYT3 tuntia sitten
  • Awesome video, as always. But now to continue where Michael left off and get more practical. How to actually form diverse discussion groups. So many only want to be locked inside echo chambers with their ideological allies. How to go about encouraging ppl to potentially have their deeply held, extremely sensitive beliefs challenged without a payoff for participating? The rewards for hollering behind the impenetrable walls of an echo chamber are obvious. Total validation. Strong sense of united community. Security in numbers. Satisfaction of the base desire to be a cog in the in- vs out-group machine. Protection from cognitive dissonance. Freedom from pressure to suppress negative opinions. The list goes on. The appeal of talking openly to strangers iseem significantly smaller and less emotionally rewarding. The goals are more abstract while the unappealing qualities are a given on its face. But participation has to be voluntary or the whole thing is pointless. So is it a question of salesmanship and marketing? Would it require an external reward like a few bucks for participating at the end? I think my point is better made if I redact who was the host and outlet, but I saw on a tv news program a couple years ago a group of a dozen or so citizens chosen to sit in a room and just talk about politics, society, whatever. The only rule was to say whatever you want as long as you're not personally attacking or threatening or generally being a dick. The only criteria for picking people was that they ended up with a proportionate mix of backgrounds and on political and social spectrums. It was ugly, and naive to think insults wouldn't be flung. People screamed, a couple walked out. But the rest came back for another discussion, and by the end of it, more than half of the group had gotten together and formed a bowling group that hung out every month. And still talked politics and serious shit but respected eachother's differing views. TL:DR it's possible. But I'm pretty sure those folks was paid a pretty decent chunk of change to participate. Is paying people to participate as citizens of a democracy the only answer? If so, how depressing, but we as a society, nation and species should probably get on that. (Speaking from US perspective) BTW - it was Oprah on 60 Minutes but lets keep that a secret plzkthx

    solidXxXtunasolidXxXtuna3 tuntia sitten
  • Hey Michael. We are both born on the same day. Just saying !!

    Omar QunsulOmar Qunsul3 tuntia sitten
  • This Michael is awesome!

    Emit RelevArtEmit RelevArt3 tuntia sitten
  • I love you and always will but ever since 9/11 Bill Gates has not been thinking clearly and has way too much of a misguided ego to be followed or trusted by me...

    Jon DenewethJon Deneweth3 tuntia sitten
  • I think that Empathy is the most important thing to have properly developed( over-developed is always better :) ) when doing NON-Logical reasoning

    Daniel EngsvängDaniel Engsväng4 tuntia sitten
  • Wow you are seeing this 8 years from now

    FteZFteZ4 tuntia sitten
  • Last few videos haven't showed up in my sub feed. This one included.

    Progster0192Progster01924 tuntia sitten
  • The way Vsauce talks about how lone reasoning works lines up with the neuropsychological premise of the interpreter module which is responsible for, among many other things, constructing reasons for why a view was formed or choice was made _after_ the act occured. He basically mentioned that point but it's another explicit reason why lone reasoning is so limited and group reasoning can calm the churn. A corollary of the value of group reasoning to limit the sometimes arbitrary interpreter module is that having multiple viewpoints not only helps the reasoning of different individuals within the group become more cohesive but it also helps each individual's reasoning better coalesce and make more sense of the cacophony of output our massively parallel brains are constantly churning out.

    solidXxXtunasolidXxXtuna4 tuntia sitten
  • I think this is brilliant. Could honestly talk all day about this subject with you..... hell any subject, you have a beautiful mind. The one thing that nags at me about this idea is the people that just want to wth the world burn. What happens when they get the vote on a serious issue?

    Dillon SterlingDillon Sterling5 tuntia sitten
  • I am Techno-Sapian.

    Dillon SterlingDillon Sterling5 tuntia sitten
  • i love you michael (no homo)

    signsofevilsignsofevil5 tuntia sitten
  • "...in partnership with Bill Gates..." I'm out.

    TIm RichesTIm Riches6 tuntia sitten
  • Can't wait to see you all in 8 years. See you later!

    Owen MayerOwen Mayer6 tuntia sitten
  • this is a tough video but super important i think most people should see

    ninjxxittyninjxxitty6 tuntia sitten
  • every time Vinesauce Michael uploads my brain gets fatter and richer in protein

    Venn 413Venn 4136 tuntia sitten
  • It's not a Vsauce video until the ominous music kicks in

    Abbas SakinaAbbas Sakina7 tuntia sitten
  • see u next year

    Filip RochFilip Roch7 tuntia sitten
  • Kurzeurgestat definitely made a video on the great filter

    eXtract.7eXtract.77 tuntia sitten
  • 1 Like = 1 more hope for an AWESOME-OMETER

    dave demolisherdave demolisher7 tuntia sitten
  • the reason puzzle got me ngl i tried to think with reason but still came to the conclusion theres not enough evidence. i didnt consider the full answer

    ninjxxittyninjxxitty7 tuntia sitten
  • You teamed up with dr evil to perpetuate a hoax. Not very smert.

    Demarcus BlackDemarcus Black8 tuntia sitten
  • Who 'down-votes' beautifully articulated thoroughly explicated philosophical analysis?

    Mark LucasMark Lucas8 tuntia sitten
  • People, what a bunch of bastards

    Law RayLaw Ray8 tuntia sitten
  • Can I like this video like ten times?

    Luka PetkovicLuka Petkovic9 tuntia sitten
  • Your proposal at the end was so...reasonable. Also, there are definitely people who don't pick up on those nonverbal cues though, e.g. people with an autism spectrum disorder.

    LPLP10 tuntia sitten
  • The imported tailor neurologically rub because gliding successfully hope unlike a polite drake. tacky, short locket

    Michael TangMichael Tang10 tuntia sitten
  • 14:15 - 14:47 What I am really missing here is a mentioning of the mechanism of "mirroring". As human beings we are (mostly) hardcoded to "mirror" our other, the person we engage with, usually in conversations, less often when merely sitting back and observing people. (i) It is actually so basic to the ways we engage with the world and our methods of learning, that most people never realize it: when another human being displays certain mimikry, we instinctively replicate those (if you're not a psyhopath or sociopath(ii) that is); we laugh when they laugh, yawn when they yawn. Thus, our brain can trace back the emotions tied to those expressions and infer the state our other (the person in front of us) is in. Call it - emotional deduction, if you will. No reason needed. I often wonder, how different this all plays out, with autistic people, who usually struggle with this. Maybe the first step, the "mirroring" itself, is blocked? Because, if they "put their mind to it" they are actually as sensitive to understanding others emotions, as others, or even better... On a somewhat unrelated note: the ways in which this video differentiates between qualitatively different kinds of reasoning and decision making is very lacking (borderline non-existent); and most of the confusion stems from that. When people get shown said cards a second time, sneaking some fakes in, they are NOT asked the same question; the task is fundamently different. (iii) To act surprised by the "paradox" outcome is actually a case of intellectual sleight of hand, as you fudged the test. The test-setup thus results in nothing but a blatant non sequitur; interesting, maybe, for the people involved, but no more than being shown a magic trick, w/o actually enlightening them about how tve deceit actually worked. i) the emotionally less exhausting method, and thus preferrable for introverts. ii) the latter usually become very apt at faking it to manipulate their surrounding, though iii) this, btw., is also the secret behind the monthy hall problem: not mathematics! But linguistics! The question asked in phase 1 and that in phase 2 ae fundamentally different! The unspoken rules of the game (never opening the door with the big prize in phase 1, to keep the game alive for phase2) are hiding the true nature of each decision... It's a problem of language, *not numbers or probabilities!*

    PyrrhoVonHyperboreaPyrrhoVonHyperborea11 tuntia sitten
  • damn, this video hits hard about everything in our daily life

    il gabrielil gabriel11 tuntia sitten
  • I feel like this video requires re-watching several times just for all the information and import to sink in. The vast majority of viewers here, probably including myself, will go ok great I agree with everything in the video, but ultimately will do nothing to change the current situation. It's easier to do nothing. Another survival instinct.

    Matthew CruikshankMatthew Cruikshank11 tuntia sitten
  • Im so glad I found this channel i hope you’ll never stop uploading videos unless you die ofc. But you get my point🐸💕.

    unknown 0101unknown 010112 tuntia sitten
  • Vsauce should play a game called The Witness.

    Orange MonksOrange Monks12 tuntia sitten
  • I love this so much. This video not only gave me so much to understand in order to grow, but also left me a comforting feeling. Somehow it feels like there are answers and solutions.

    JainLaFleurJainLaFleur13 tuntia sitten
  • this motif is also explored in Warhammer 40k universe... specifically concerning the orcs.

    John KimJohn Kim13 tuntia sitten
  • I feel like Billy hired the sauceman to shill his anti-independent thought, science/vaccine, depopulation agenda

    JoshTelevisionJoshTelevision14 tuntia sitten
    • What are you talking about? How is "science/vaccine" an agenda? How is *science* an agenda?

      Albert JackinsonAlbert JackinsonTunti sitten
  • The level plate biologically look because toast reciprocally like of a luxuriant growth. low, detailed pelican

    Jeremy HatcliffJeremy Hatcliff14 tuntia sitten
  • If my teachers showed the same interest as you do in what they were teaching, I would have been interested in what they were teaching.

    b L o O db L o O d14 tuntia sitten
  • Climate change propaganda paid by Bill Gates. Not you too, Vsauce.

    34th Vertebrae34th Vertebrae14 tuntia sitten
  • While this is great and all, I think the main fault lies in treating the general populous as a block of people compared to other 'important' blocks that keep a nation running. For example, If a resource makes more profit in some way compared to the population, then priority will be put on said resource, and the few people managing it. Coming back to the same situation of a lot of power in the hand of a few people. Since a lot of the world is based on the idea of treating people as blocks that are equivalent to resources and can be paid less attention to. The entire nation falls apart and the idea of a crowd making a decision just doesn't work. And the only way to stop this is by making the people have a revolution but if the people are too uneducated and starved to make a revolution. Or the leader of the revolution themself might become a worse problem. The only way I can think of is by the interference of some other nation that doesn't treat its people like blocks...Which I can't think of. Can people here help me come to a proper method or conclusion?

    Cipher MKCipher MK14 tuntia sitten
  • 13:34 firmly grasp it

    William JalaliWilliam Jalali15 tuntia sitten
  • I don't know if anyone has posted it in the comments so far but a fun psychological experiment in the context of reasoning and social interactions goes like this: So you want to go in front of someone in a queue (for example you both want to use the bathroom in a public place but there is a line since the bathroom is at full capacity). In the control condition you just ask the person in front of you "Could I go in front of you?" In the experimental condition you ask the person in front of you "Could I go in front of you because I need to get in front." People will let you go in front more often in the experimental condition. So even though you don't actually give a reason but sound like you give a reason to your plea it'll convince people easier to give in. This works in a lot of other contexts too of course.

    HerosanojHerosanoj15 tuntia sitten
  • Why didn't you talk about geoengineering

    Harshita SHarshita S15 tuntia sitten
  • If we even well be alive for 15 years so if we are still alive then we are lucky

    عبدالرب /aboodعبدالرب /abood16 tuntia sitten
  • Wow this is a great video with some solid ideas. Good going all these years later!

    Ethan RushbrookEthan Rushbrook16 tuntia sitten
  • Your body is your mind, if you give it the time of day you can feel thoughts.

    A IA I17 tuntia sitten
  • why isnt this boi president of the united states yet ?

    Ooga BoogaOoga Booga17 tuntia sitten
  • Once again, an episode worthy of applause. Thank you

    HazrhonHazrhon19 tuntia sitten
  • lottocracy sounds pretty great--at least worth a shot. Let's try it!

    xekindxekind19 tuntia sitten
  • And as always... thanks for making these videos

    Ismael AbufonIsmael Abufon19 tuntia sitten
  • Michael: I’ll be cool when pigs fly...... but when WILL pigs fly. *music intensifies*

    xXDARK AnimeXxxXDARK AnimeXx19 tuntia sitten
  • i wish all the people who watches this 6 years later a very pleasant evening

    venomfakiuvenomfakiu20 tuntia sitten
  • Vsauce's style have aged so well... These is some good fucking shit to get into your mind for the insignificant effort of opening the youtube app and clicking on the algorithm's suggestion... This is some quality content man.

    Manuel CamilliManuel Camilli20 tuntia sitten
  • "One day we'll be the ancients, and we can choose what that will mean" ... 👌 hit the spot.

    Manuel CamilliManuel Camilli20 tuntia sitten
  • subtitles having a stroke every 5 minutes

    VexiaVexia20 tuntia sitten
  • Good job Michael. This truly is the future of Reasoning. Thank you for bringing the masses along. People are complacent and need a shake up in what they think reasoning is, how it's done, how reliable they think their own reasoning and worldview is (clearly not reliable at all, but all people, including those claiming to be reasonable, rational and scientific, are genuinely pained to admit this currently and that needs to change), and how we are going to take this forward in the next 50 years.

    Jai SinghJai Singh20 tuntia sitten
  • If you are looking for conspiracy theorists, click 'Sort By' and then 'New'

    Lawson RheaLawson Rhea20 tuntia sitten
  • Hey Vsauce, Reason here!

    MrOvergryphMrOvergryph21 tunti sitten
  • bro... michael out here calling every american citizen out rn! We are all complacent, shut-ins that continously feed our own confirmation bias. And rely on media figure heads to justify our own inaction. Why do we all have "jokes" that we know in the back of our minds are true but feel too powerless to stand against it

    nick thompsonnick thompson21 tunti sitten
  • What an amazing piece of philosophy.

    Sebastian GilSebastian Gil21 tunti sitten
  • How do we actually know anything

    Digitalx GamesDigitalx Games23 tuntia sitten
  • The music is not as good as it was.

    Kind KenderKind KenderPäivä sitten
  • Are we there yet?

    Andrew GravesAndrew GravesPäivä sitten
  • The billowy scorpion likely examine because yard lilly trot underneath a tranquil respect. responsible, sudden smash

    Gassy AstronomerGassy AstronomerPäivä sitten
  • That means reasoning can be improved if we combined consciousness of different individuals in a virtual system ? The combined entity will have a more accurate reason as it is a mixture of perspectives ! The conclusion thus resulting to stronger reasoning.

    Harshit ChaurasiaHarshit ChaurasiaPäivä sitten
  • Democracy lead us to where were are now, so the answer is more democracy? This ain't it chief. We need a change of economic relationships not just different make up for the same oligarchy-friendly system. Your sponsor Bill Gates needs to go and stay go.

    Agora1Agora1Päivä sitten
  • Did we find mushrooms on mars?

    Recruit LucierRecruit LucierPäivä sitten
  • It think this channel is my only source of deep philosophical subject matter...

    Icewind007Icewind007Päivä sitten
  • The fuck is going on in this comment section?

    Isaac WilcoxIsaac WilcoxPäivä sitten
  • No no no. Our hands are our brains personal assistants

    Doge BoiDoge BoiPäivä sitten
  • National Deliberation Day!!!

    MrBananabomber123MrBananabomber123Päivä sitten
  • 29:20 *Becoming the teachers will never happen until we first humble ourselves & learn to become better students.*

    Christian PrepperChristian PrepperPäivä sitten
  • 26:44 *BAD IDEA: Learn from "experts"??? And who gets to choose the "experts" that are allowed to shape the opinions of the "voters".*

    Christian PrepperChristian PrepperPäivä sitten
  • 25:28 *The Left are against "talking through their opinions" - calm, unemotional, reasonable discussion. They've just jumped straight to censorship/cancel culture. As society acclimates to people being "disappeared" their next step will by private execution of those socially unacceptable, politically incorrect.*

    Christian PrepperChristian PrepperPäivä sitten
    • Okay...what? No one side is to blame for everything.

      Albert JackinsonAlbert JackinsonTunti sitten
  • Climate change is quite common with the current corona virus. Altough there's a lot of warnings, we people tend to talk things down until it's too late. People adopted too much to the current state of living and they also enjoy it too much so they don't feel the urge to change anything, and sadly this affects too many people so nothing will change until it's too late.

    YunishaaYunishaaPäivä sitten
  • So... the future is for non-political, non-religious people... cool!

    madneonmadneonPäivä sitten
  • *Who else would enjoy a copy of the Vsauce soundtrack?*

    Christian PrepperChristian PrepperPäivä sitten
  • Ignoring climate change is like ignoring covid and continuing spreading. Humans are stupid enough to ignore it. It's simply a matter of intellect to remain existent or going extinct. We aren't smart.

    ShepardShepardPäivä sitten
  • vsauce, advocating for revolution, agaaaaaain.

    jake michaeljake michaelPäivä sitten
  • What is Vsauce talking about in his videos ?

    Tashan PunchTashan PunchPäivä sitten
    • To be open-minded and think for yourself.

      madneonmadneonPäivä sitten
  • It appears to me that we have used our intelligence to the point where fewer and fewer people can learn enough about any subject to be able to explain it to the rest of us, leading all of us to a position of being too big for our britches and being caught with our pants down, Mother Nature will bite us in the ass, leaving us to start all over again in the stone age.

    Jack HubleyJack HubleyPäivä sitten
  • Minds is a metaphor for the patterns in the brain.

    Kaiser BasileusKaiser BasileusPäivä sitten
  • Hey Michael you should do one for ‘why we sound bad when we hear our own audios’

    SAINTSSAINTSPäivä sitten
  • 0:05 Its in the water, swimming

    Radoslaw SzymulaRadoslaw SzymulaPäivä sitten
  • "One day we will be the ancients, and we can choose what that means." Bro, that hit

    Sean WSean WPäivä sitten
  • I find it fascinating how Michael is always trying to show the viewer these concepts and explore these ideas but most of the viewers can't really comprehend the information like Michael does. Sure the viewer can acknowledge the information's presence but can't comprehend it. I will love the day Michael uploads a indepth video about mental filters and how many humans are somewhat incapable of comprehending information due to mental filters. Hopefully Michael is able to comprehend mental filters like how I like to see them

    Alexander RamirezAlexander RamirezPäivä sitten
  • But If those selections have to be random, How will we know if those selections are TRULY Random? Those could be rigged to.

    Nishant BodkheNishant BodkhePäivä sitten
  • my president

    Leo GeronimoLeo GeronimoPäivä sitten
  • Love the finales

    Troy Turner IITroy Turner IIPäivä sitten
  • The idealistic future described at the end of the video is exactly what Charles Hoskinson is attempting to provide with the Cardano platform.

    ShawnShawnPäivä sitten
  • C02 is not causing climate change. It doesn't take much investigation into this to realize that the IPCC is lying. Your alliance with Bill Gates is disturbing. Whatcha need is Jesus Christ.

    Rishi KyleRishi KylePäivä sitten
  • I needed this one, this is why this channel is one of my favs

    Soul IntentSoul IntentPäivä sitten
FIboth